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Laurence Kim Peek (November 11, – December 19, ) was an American savant. "Cameo appearance in Rain Man movie at The year-old Peek is called a "mega-savant" because he is a genius in about


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I’m a maths genius, not Rain Man
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What if he's got that Rain Man genius thing? ماذا لو ان به عبقرية رجل ساحر ؟ Tom, you are a rain man! (توم) انت رجل ساحر. What, like a "rain man" sort of thing?


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Rain Man Lyrics: I'm so sleepy / Day & night / The streets are filled with sunshine / Little birds are singing to the sky / Funny stories / Cherry trees / Who cares?


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Etymology 1Edit. From the film Rain Man, about an autistic man with the name Raymond, misinterpreted as “Rain man” by his brother in childhood.


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Genius of the Rain Man: Kim Peek. KIM Peek, who died this week, read eight books a day - two pages at a time, one with each eye - and had.


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Genius of the Rain Man: Kim Peek. KIM Peek, who died this week, read eight books a day - two pages at a time, one with each eye - and had.


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Rain Man Lyrics: I'm so sleepy / Day & night / The streets are filled with sunshine / Little birds are singing to the sky / Funny stories / Cherry trees / Who cares?


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However, the original inspiration for the savant portrayed in Rain man was a now The combination of blindness, mental handicap and musical genius is.


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He also has calendar-calculating abilities and, more recently, rather advanced musical talent has surfaced. The pattern I have observed begins with spectacular, literal replication of things seen or heard. Today, that condition is known as autistic disorder Treffert b. Considering all the abilities in the human repertoire, it is interesting that savant skills generally narrow to five general categories: music , usually performance, most often piano, with perfect pitch, although composing in the absence of performing has been reported as has been playing multiple instruments as many as 22 ; art , usually drawing, painting or sculpting; calendar calculating curiously an obscure skill in most persons ; mathematics , including lightning calculating or the ability to compute prime numbers, for example, in the absence of other simple arithmetic abilities; and mechanical or spatial skills , including the capacity to measure distances precisely without benefit of instruments, the ability to construct complex models or structures with painstaking accuracy or the mastery of map making and direction finding. Such unconscious memory suggests what Mishkin et al. Hou et al. Detailed reports of these and many other savants dating from Down's original description of the disorder are contained in Extraordinary people: understanding savant syndrome Treffert a. Terms such as automatic, mechanical, concrete and habit-like have been applied to this extraordinary memory. Treffert a described a blind, autistic musical savant who, along with her musical ability, demonstrated very precise spatial location abilities and precise time-keeping skills without access to a clock face or other time instruments. This special curriculum proved highly successful in the functional application of savant skills and an overall reduction in the level of autistic behaviours in many subjects. Talented savants are those cognitively impaired persons in whom the musical, artistic or other special abilities are more prominent and highly honed, usually within an area of single expertise and are very conspicuous when viewed in contrast to overall disability. Magnetic resonance imaging MRI shows the absence of the corpus callosum along with other substantial central nervous system CNS damage. An important question is whether special skills are found in first-degree relatives of savants. Moreover, information about many of them, including some video clips, can be accessed on the savant syndrome website at www. He can name all the US area codes and major city zip codes. Brink raised that possibility with a case in which left brain injury in a child gave rise to some mechanical and other savant skills. Six of those individuals had special musical abilities and Kanner was struck as well by the overall heightened memory capacity of all 10 persons in that original group. This classic chapter, which was carried for many years into subsequent editions, described over 20 additional cases from a variety of clinicians. Treffert provided an updated review, which contained more detail on all of those earlier cases and suggested that the name of the condition be changed to savant syndrome. This paper presents a brief review of the phenomenology of savant skills, the history of the concept and implications for education and future research. Down joined those words together and coined the term idiot savant by which the condition was generally known over the next century. Miller's recent work with persons with fronto-temporal dementia FTD in whom savant skills surfaced, sometimes at a prodigious level, adds impetus to that speculation Miller et al. Whatever the particular savant skill, it is always linked to massive memory. In the light of these observations, I would revise my original comments in my book Extraordinary people that savants certainly demonstrated remarkable talent, and stunning replication abilities, but were not very creative. But the presence of savant syndrome is not limited to autism. Whatever the exact figures, mental retardation and other forms of developmental disability are more common than autistic disorder, so a reasonable estimate might be that approximately 50 per cent of persons with savant syndrome have autistic disorder and the other 50 per cent have other forms of developmental disability, mental retardation or other CNS injury or disease. Viscott documented in detail, including psychodynamic formulations, a female musical savant whom he followed for many years. Without doubt, the best-known autistic savant is a fictional one, Raymond Babbitt, as portrayed by Dustin Hoffman in the movie Rain man. It captures with precision the many square miles he has seen street by street, building by building and column by column. However, they are documented in Extraordinary people and on the savant syndrome website in detail. Whatever the special abilities, a remarkable memory of a unique and uniform type welds the condition together. The first account of savant syndrome in a scientific paper appeared in the German psychology journal, Gnothi Sauton , in , describing the case of Jedediah Buxton, a lightning calculator with extraordinary memory Mortiz However, the first specific description of savant syndrome took place in London in when Dr J. Why that rare triad of musical genius, blindness and mental handicaps should occur so consistently in the already rare condition of savant syndrome deserves very careful study. Whatever the special skill, it is always associated with prodigious memory. The special skills can be used as a way of engaging attention of the savant, and rather than seeing the special abilities as frivolous, they can be used as a form of expression with the goal of channelling those abilities more usefully. The prospect of dormant potential triggered, or released, by CNS injury existing within each person has far-reaching implications, as discussed elsewhere in this volume. Of unique interest is his ability to read extremely rapidly, simultaneously scanning one page with the left eye and the other page with the right eye. Most often savant skills emerge in childhood, superimposed on some underlying developmental disability present at birth. One of his patients had memorized The rise and fall of the Roman Empire verbatim and could recite it backwards or forwards. Savant memory is characteristically very deep, but exceedingly narrow, within the confines of the accompanying special skill. That clip can be seen at www. They proposed two different neural circuits for these two different types of memory: a higher level corticolimbic circuit for semantic memory and a lower level cortico-striatal circuit for the more primitive habit memory, which is sometimes referred to as procedural or implicit memory. But experience has shown that such loss of special skills is the exception rather than the rule in savant syndrome. Hill , provided a review of the literature between and , including 60 reports involving over savants. Accompanying elements are an adult mentor in the field of their talent, individual counselling and small-group social skills training. Other current theories, including genetic, cognitive and neural, will be explored in other contributions to this volume. Two studies, one with 25 savants and another with 51 subjects, showed relatives with special skills in some but certainly not all cases Duckett ; Young Another study of 23 relatives of carefully studied savants found only one family member with special skills LaFontaine Young travelled to a number of countries and met with 51 savants and their families, completing the largest study performed on savants to date using uniform history taking and standardized psychological testing. In the male foetus particularly, circulating testosterone, which can reach very high levels, can slow growth and impair neuronal function in the more vulnerably exposed left hemisphere, with actual enlargement and shift of dominance favouring skills associated with the right hemisphere. A blueprint of the coliseum, superimposed on his drawing, shows an astonishing accurate replication. This pattern of replication to improvisation to creation has been demonstrated in other musical savants. Tredgold , also from the Earlswood Hospital, wrote a very comprehensive account of savant syndrome in a chapter in his well-known textbook, Mental deficiency. For example, Soundscape Centre in Surrey, England began operating in as the only specialized educational facility in the world uniquely dedicated to the needs and potential of persons with sight loss and special musical abilities, including musical savants.{/INSERTKEYS}{/PARAGRAPH} Prominent cases include Blind Tom who travelled internationally and became famous in the s, Tredgold's case at the Salpetriere even earlier than that and a number of well-known present-day musical savants. From there Leslie moved, over time, from literal replication which he can still do to improvisation , seemingly having become bored with just reproducing what he has heard. Clark developed a savant skill curriculum using a combination of successful strategies currently employed in the education of gifted children enrichment, acceleration and mentorship and autism education visual supports and social stories in an attempt to channel and apply, usefully, the often non-functional obsessive savant and splinter skills of a group of students with autism. A well-known Japanese musical savant's ability as a composer demonstrates decisively that savants can be creative; his 40 original pieces on two internationally popular CDs forcefully document that ability Cameron That same transition can be seen in artistic savants. He has several art books published, and now has his own art gallery in London, which displays his various drawing styles Wiltshire , There are other examples of this same replication to improvisation to creation pattern that space prohibits describing here. While descriptive, the term was actually a misnomer since almost all cases occur in persons with an IQ higher than In the interest of accuracy and dignity, savant syndrome now has been substituted and is widely used. There are, from my experience, probably fewer than known prodigious savants living worldwide at the present time who would meet that very high threshold of savant ability. Prodigious savant is a term reserved for those extraordinarily rare individuals for whom the special skill is so outstanding that it would be spectacular even if it were to occur in a non-impaired person. The combination of blindness, mental handicap and musical genius is conspicuously over-represented throughout the reports of savant syndrome from earliest times. In recent years, Leslie has moved now to creation of entirely new songs that he composes, plays and sings. The savants in this series of cases had the following elements in common: neurological impairment with idiosyncratic and divergent intellectual ability; language and intellectual impairments consistent with autism; intense interest and preoccupation with particular areas of ability; rule-based, rigid and highly structured skills lacking critical aspects of creativity and cognitive flexibility; preserved neurological capacity to process information relating to the particular skills; a well-developed declarative memory; a family history of similar skills in some, but not all, cases but even in the absence of a history of a specific skill, there was a familial predisposition towards high achievement; and a climate of support, encouragement and reinforcement from families, case workers, teachers, caretakers and others. Leslie Lemke, for example, played back Tchaikovsky's first piano concerto flawlessly at age 14, having heard it for the first time as a theme song to a television movie. Generally, a single special skill exists but, in some instances, several skills exist simultaneously. Forty-one savants carried a diagnosis of autism and the remainder some other type of intellectual disability: 12 were rated as prodigious savants; 20 were rated as talented; and the remaining 19 had splinter skills. Thus, not all autistic persons have savant syndrome and not all persons with savant syndrome have autistic disorder. Improvements in behaviour, social skills and academic self-efficacy were reported, along with gain in the communication skills of some subjects. The special talent, in fact, becomes a conduit towards normalization, using the unique savant skills to achieve better socialization, language acquisition and independence, all without the trade-off or loss of special abilities for those valuable gains in other areas of functioning. In Rimland's sample of children with special skills, musical ability was the most frequently reported skill followed by memory, art, pseudo-verbal abilities, mathematics, maps and directions, coordination, calendar calculating and extrasensory perception. Other conditions, such as dyslexia, delayed speech and stuttering, also have a male predominance in incidence, which may be a manifestation of the same left hemisphere growth interference in the prenatal period described above. He has also memorized the maps in the front of telephone books and can tell you precisely how to get from one US city to another, and then how to get around in that city street by street. Space precludes outlining those here but I do discuss them in detail in Extraordinary people. Reports of female savants continue to be relatively few. Some specialized schools are emerging as well. Other skills have been reported less often, including: prodigious language poly-glot facility; unusual sensory discrimination in smell, touch or vision including synaesthesia; perfect appreciation of passing time without benefit of a clock; and outstanding knowledge in specific fields such as neurophysiology, statistics or navigation. In her book, Bright splinters of the mind , Hermelin summarized her findings based on 20 years of research by her and her co-workers. Some observers list memory as a separate special skill; however, prodigious memory is an ability all savants possess cutting across all of the skill areas as a shared, integral part of the syndrome itself. Now that I have had an opportunity to follow the unfolding of savant abilities in some individuals for nearly 30 years, I have seen a pattern of progression of savant abilities in a number of prodigious savants particularly that ends in the capacity to be creative. The most common are splinter skills , which include obsessive preoccupation with, and memorization of, music and sports trivia, license plate numbers, maps, historical facts or obscure items such as vacuum cleaner motor sounds, for example. Formal testing for eidetic imagery shows that phenomenon to be present in some, but certainly not all, savants and when present it may exist more as a marker of brain damage than being central to savant abilities Bender et al. Recent reports of savant-type abilities emerging in previously healthy elderly persons with fronto-temporal dementia have been particularly intriguing Miller et al. Instead, with continued use, the special abilities either persist at the same level or actually increase. A more recent study surveyed facilities, and found a prevalence rate of 1. In , Extraordinary people was first published by Treffert, summarizing a century of cases, observations and research findings since Down's description of the disorder. However, Stephen can also improvise in his drawings, and he can also create scenes of his choosing. Hyperlexia, which is distinguished by precocity rather than age-independent level of skill, has also been frequently reported in autism Grigorenko et al. Since Down's first description of savant syndrome, numerous theories have been put forth to explain this astonishing juxtaposition of ability and disability in the same person. {PARAGRAPH}{INSERTKEYS}As many as one in 10 persons with autistic disorder have such remarkable abilities in varying degrees, although savant syndrome occurs in other developmental disabilities or in other types of central nervous system injury or disease as well. In Rimland's survey of children with autism, were reported by parents to have special abilities and a 10 per cent incidence of savant syndrome has become the generally accepted figure in autistic disorder. Many of the same behaviours and traits Down commented on in his developmental retardation group of patients were similarly noted by Kanner in his description of his 10 original cases. I was wrong. Aetiologic considerations aside, what is the best approach to the savant and his or her special skills?